How old is your Church?

"And I say to thee: That thou art Peter; and upon this rock I will build my church, and the gates of hell shall not prevail against it.And I will give to thee the keys of the kingdom of heaven. And whatsoever thou shalt bind upon earth, it shall be bound also in heaven: and whatsoever thou shalt loose on earth, it shall be loosed also in heaven." Matthew 16:18-19

bulletIf you are a Lutheran, Martin Luther, an apostate of the Roman Catholic Church, founded your religion in Germany, in the year 1517.
bulletIf you are a Mennonite, your church began in Switzerland with Grebel, Mantz, and Blaurock, in the year 1525.
bulletIf you belong to the Church of England, also know as Anglican, your religion began with King Henry VIII in 1534, who established his own church because the Pope could not grant him a divorce with the right to remarry.
bulletIf you are a Presbyterian, your religion was founded by John Knox, in Scotland, in the year 1560.
bulletIf you are a Congregationalist, your religion was founded by Robert Brown, in Holland, in 1583.
bulletIf you are a Baptist, you owe the tenets of your religion to John Smyth, who launched it in Amsterdam, in 1606.
bulletIf you are a Unitarian, John Biddle in London founded your religion in 1645.
bulletIf you are an Episcopalian, your religion was an offshoot of the Church of England, founded by Samuel Seabury in the American Colonies in the 17th century.
bulletIf you are a Quaker, your religion was founded by George Fox, in England, in 1647.
bulletIf you are a Methodist, your religion was founded by John and Charles Wesley, in England, in 1739.
bulletIf you are a Universalist, John Murray founded your religion in New Jersey, in 1770.
bulletIf you are an Evangelical, you owe the founding of your religion to Jacob Albright, in Pennsylvania, in 1803.
bulletIf you are a Mormon (a "Latter Day Saint"), then Joseph Smith started your religion in Palmyra, New York, in 1829.
bulletIf you are a Seventh Day Adventist, your religion originated in New York, by William Miller, in 1831.
bulletIf you worship with the Salvation Army sect, then you acknowledge William Booth in London as your originator, in 1865.
bulletIf you are a Jehovah Witness, then your church was founded by Charles Taze Russell, in 1872, and renamed in 1931 by Judge Rutherford, his successor.
bulletIf you are a Christian Scientist, then Mary Baker Eddy founded your religion in Massachusetts, in 1879.
bulletIf you belong to the Assembly of God religion, then a General Assembly in Arkansas started it in 1914.
bulletIf you claim the Church of the Nazarene as your religion, then Union at General Assembly launched it in 1919.
bulletIf you are an Evangelical Reformed, then Union at General Assembly created it in 1934.
bulletIf you belong to "Pentecostal Gospel," your religion is one of the hundreds of new sects founded by men in the last 100 years.
bulletIf you are a Roman Catholic, you know that your religion was founded in the year 33 by Our Lord Jesus Christ.

WHICH IS THE CHURCH OF JESUS CHRIST?

ISSUES OF FAITH AND MORALS

HEBREWS 5:9 ""He became the cause of eternal salvation to all who obey Him."

2 THESSALONIANS 2:14 "Therefore, brethren, stand fast; and hold the traditions which you have learned, whether by word or by our epistle."

HEBREWS 13:7-9 "Jesus Christ is the same yesterday, and today and forever. Do not be led away by diverse and strange teachings."

1 TIMOTHY 3:15 "...the Church of the living God, the Pillar and ground of the truth."

List of Faith

and Morals

ROMAN CATHOLIC CHURCH

Founded in the Year 33 A.D. By

JESUS CHRIST

Teaching by his Authority

 

GREEK-EASTERN, RUSSIAN, ORTHODOX

Broke away from the Catholic Church in 1054 A.D.

LUTHERAN

Founded 1517 by

MARTIN LUTHER

 

ANGLICAN & EPISCOPALIAN

Founded 1532 by

KING HENRY VIII

PRESBYTERIAN

Founded 1560 by

JOHN KNOX

BAPTIST

Founded 1606 by

JOHN SMYTH

METHODIST

Founded 1744 by

CHARLES WESLEY

MORMON

Founded 1829 by

JOSEPH SMITH

JEHOVAH’S WITNESSES

Founded 1872 by

CHARLES RUSSELL

PENTECOSTAL ASSEMBLY OF GOD

Founded in 1906 by

CONGREGATION OF AZUSA, STREETMISSION, L.A.

1) DIVORCE/MARRIAGE

CONDEMNS

ALLOWS

ALLOWS

ALLOWS

ALLOWS

ALLOWS

ALLOWS

ALLOWS

ALLOWS

ALLOWS

2) CONTRACEPTION

CONDEMNS

CONDEMNS

ALLOWS

ALLOWS

ALLOWS

ALLOWS

ALLOWS

ALLOWS

ALLOWS

ALLOWS

3) ABORTION

CONDEMNS

CONDEMNS

MIXED VIEWS

MIXED VIEWS

MIXED VIEWS

MIXED VIEWS

MIXED VIEWS

ALLOWS

ALLOWS

CONDEMNS

4) FORNICATION

CONDEMNS

CONDEMNS

MIXED VIEWS

MIXED VIEWS

MIXED VIEWS

MIXED VIEWS

MIXED VIEWS

CONDEMNS

CONDEMNS

CONDEMNS

5) SODOMY

CONDEMNS

CONDEMNS

MIXED VIEWS

MIXED VIEWS

MIXED VIEWS

MIXED VIEWS

MIXED VIEWS

CONDEMNS

CONDEMNS

CONDEMNS

6) BAPTISM

SACRAMENT

SACRAMENT

SACRAMENT

SACRAMENT

SACRAMENT

SACRAMENT

SACRAMENT

NAS

NAS

SACRAMENT

7) EUCHARIST/ HOLY COMMUNION

SACRAMENT

SACRAMENT

NAS

NAS

NAS

NAS

NAS

NAS

NAS

NAS

8) CONFIRMATION

SACRAMENT

SACRAMENT

NAS

NAS

NAS

NAS

NAS

NAS

NAS

NAS

9) CONFESSION/PENANCE

SACRAMENT

SACRAMENT

NAS

NAS

NAS

NAS

NAS

NAS

NAS

NAS

10) MARRIAGE

SACRAMENT

SACRAMENT

SACRAMENT

SACRAMENT

SACRAMENT

SACRAMENT

SACRAMENT

NAS

NAS

SACRAMENT

11) HOLY ORDERS

SACRAMENT

SACRAMENT

NAS

NAS

NAS

NAS

NAS

NAS

NAS

NAS

12) EXTREME UNCTION

SACRAMENT

SACRAMENT

NAS

NAS

NAS

NAS

NAS

NAS

NAS

NAS

13) PAPAL AUTHORITY

DOCTRINE

NOT ADVOCATED

NOT ADVOCATED

NOT ADVOCATED

NOT ADVOCATED

NOT ADVOCATED

NOT ADVOCATED

NOT ADVOCATED

NOT ADVOCATED

NOT ADVOCATED

14) HONOR OF BLESSED MOTHER

DOCTRINE

ADVOCATED

NOT ADVOCATED

NOT ADVOCATED

NOT ADVOCATED

NOT ADVOCATED

NOT ADVOCATED

NOT ADVOCATED

NOT ADVOCATED

NOT ADVOCATED

15) IMMACULATE  CONCEPTION

DOCTRINE

NOT ADVOCATED

NOT ADVOCATED

NOT ADVOCATED

NOT ADVOCATED

NOT ADVOCATED

NOT ADVOCATED

NOT ADVOCATED

NOT ADVOCATED

NOT ADVOCATED

16) INTERCESSION OF  SAINTS

DOCTRINE

 

ADVOCATED

NOT ADVOCATED

NOT ADVOCATED

NOT ADVOCATED

NOT ADVOCATED

NOT ADVOCATED

NOT ADVOCATED

NOT ADVOCATED

NOT ADVOCATED

17) PURGATORY

DOCTRINE

 

MIXED VIEWS

NOT ADVOCATED

NOT ADVOCATED

NOT ADVOCATED

NOT ADVOCATED

NOT ADVOCATED

NOT ADVOCATED

NOT ADVOCATED

NOT ADVOCATED

 Key to Chart

Black- Teaching of Jesus Christ
Red- Disobedience to God
Mixed Views- Position not definitive due to different sects of the religions and cults and no teaching Hierarchy or Magisterium,
Allows- Allows for exceptions
Not Advocated- Position not taught
NAS- Considered not a sacrament

Please Note: The sacraments that are valid in the religions mentioned are so because the Roman Catholic Church declares them valid by virtue of their nature

 

Evidence of These teachings of Jesus Christ from Sacred Scripture and early Church Fathers

( See above for comparison chart of Religions and Cults on these 16 issues)

1) DIVORCE/MARRIAGE

Mk 10:2-12, Lk 16:18, Mt 5:32, Mt19:1-19, Rom 7:2-3, I Cor 7:10, Eph 5:31, (Mk 10:9 "What therefore god hath joined together, let no man put asunder.") St. Justin the Martyr (105-165 AD), "They are sinners who contract a second marriage even though it be in accord with human law."

2) CONTRACEPTION

Ps 126:3, Gal 5:20-21, Rev 21:8,15-22, Gen 38:9-10, Gen 127-28. St. Augustine (354-430 AD) "Intercourse with one's legitimate wife is unlawful and wicked whenever the conception of offspring is prevented." Scripture states the prohibition of: "magic", "drugs"-- euphemistic terms in the 1st century for the widespread practice of contraception. Prior to the Lambeth Conference, England (1930) all Protestant denominations considered contraception to be evil.

3) ABORTION

Jer 1:5, Ps 21:10-11, Ps 138:15, Amos1:13. Didache (140 AD) " You shall not procure an abortion. You shall not destroy a newborn child."; Epistle of St. Barnabas (117 AD), " Do not murder a child by abortion or commit infanticide"; St. Basil (330-379 AD), A woman who deliberately destroys a fetus must pay the penalty for murder." CCC #2272, " A person who procures a completed abortion incurs automatic excommunication--Latae Sententiae

4) FORNICATION

I Cor 5:1, 6-9, 6:18, 10:8, I Tim 1:9-10, Heb 13:4, Mk 7:21, Gal 5:19-21, Rom 1:28-32, Eph 5:3-5, Col3:5-8, Mt 15:19-20.

5) SODOMY

Lev 18:22, Mt 19:4, I Cor 6:10, Rom 1:24-27 "...and receiving in themselves the recompense which was due to their error."

6) BAPTISM

Rom 6:3-5, Jn 3:1-15, Mt 28:19, Mk 16:16. Aphrates- The oldest of the fathers of the Syrian Catholic Church (280-345 AD), "He sent Christ into the world that a man believe in the resurrection of the dead and moreover that he believe in the Sacrament of Baptism. This is the belief of the Church of God."

7) EUCHARIST/ HOLY COMMUNION

Jn 6:25-64, I Cor 11:26-31. St Justin the Martyr (105-165 AD) , "We call this Food the Eucharist; and no one else is permitted to partake of It except one who believes the teachings to be true and who has been washed in the washing which is for the remission of sins...The Food which has been made in to the Eucharist by the Eucharist Prayer set down by Him, and by the change of which our blood and flesh is nourished, is both the Flesh and Blood of that incarnated Jesus."

8) CONFIRMATION

Lk 4:16-22, Lk 24:49. Jn 3:5-8, Jn 14:26, Jn 16:7, Jn 7:37-39, Acts 1:5-8, Jn 20:22, Acts2:1-4. St. Cyprian (258 AD), "It is necessary for him that has been baptized also to be anointed, so that  by his having chrism, that is the Anointing, he can be anointed of God and have in himself the grace of Christ."

9)CONFESSION/PENANCE

Jn 20:21-23, "He said therefore to them again 'Peace be with you. As the Father hath sent Me, I also send you'. When He had said this He breathed on them, and He said to them 'Receive ye the Holy Ghost; whose sins you shall forgive, they are forgiven them, and whose sins you shall retain, they are retained."

10) MARRIAGE

Jn 2:11, Gn 1:27-28, 2:18-24, "Wherefore a man shall leave his father and mother and shall cleave to his wife; and they shall be two in one flesh." St. Ignatius of Antioch (110 AD), "It is proper for men and women who wish to marry to be united with the consent of the bishop so that their marriage will be acceptable to the Lord...Let all things be done for the honor of God."

11) HOLY ORDERS

Jn 17:17-19, " Sanctify them in the truth. Thy word is truth. As Thou didst send Me into the world, so I have sent them into the world and for their sake I consecrate Myself that they also may be consecrated in truth." Council of Trent, Session 22-1562, " If anyone says that by these words 'Do this in memory of me' Lk 22:19, Cor 11:24, Christ did not institute the apostles as priest, or did not ordain them, so that priest might offer His body and Blood for themselves and for others: let him be anathema."

12) EXTREME UNCTION

Jms 5:14-15, "Is there any among you sick? Let him call for the elders of the Church and let them pray over him, anointing him with oil in the name of the Lord, and the prayer of faith will save the sick man, and the Lord will raise him up; and if he has committed any sins he will be forgiven."

13) PAPAL AUTHORITY

Mt 16:18. St Augustine (354-430 Ad), "For if the order of succession of bishops (popes) is to be considered, how much more surely, truly and safely do we number them from Peter to whom as representing the whole Church the Lord said 'Upon this Rock I will build my Church and the gates of Hell shall not prevail against it'; even if that succession of bishops (popes) which comes down from Peter to Anastatius, now occupying the throne, happened to be a betrayer, there would be no harm to the Church."

14) HONOR OF BLESSED MOTHER

Lk 1:28. Lk 1:41-55. St. Ephraim (306-373 AD), "...and the handmaid and work of His wisdom became the Mother of God ." St. Irenaeus-- second Bishop of Lyons (140-202 AD), "Mary...was made the cause of salvation for herself and for the whole human race."

15) IMMACULATE  CONCEPTION

Gn 3:15, Lk 1:28, 41-55. St. Ambrose-- Bishop of Milan (333-397 AD), " Lift me up from Mary a virgin not only undefiled, but a virgin whom grace has made inviolate, free of every stain of sin."
16) INTERCESSION OF  SAINTS Heb 11. Heb 12:1, Mt 17:1-8. Mt 22:32, " 'I am God of Isaac and the God of Jacob,' He is not the God of the dead but of the living." Tob 12:12, 2Mac 15:14, Rev 5:8, 8:4 (intercession of the saints) Heb 12:1 (We are surrounded by the saints) Acts 5:15; 19-11-12 (Miracles through relics)

17) PURGATORY

Heb 12:44, Rev 21:27 (purification necessary for Heaven) Mt 5:26. Lk 12:58-59 (An intermediate state of purification) Lk 12:47-48 (Degrees of expiations for sin) 2Mac 12:45 (Can be aided by prayer) 1Cor 3:15 (after expiation-Heaven)

 

CANON LAW 1364

"An Apostate from the faith, a heretic or a schismatic incurs automatic excommunication (Latae Sententia)"

 

SAINT MATTHEW 16:18-19

"And I say to thee: That thou art Peter; and upon this rock I will build my church, and the gates of hell shall not prevail against it. And I will give to thee the keys of the kingdom of heaven. And whatsoever thou shalt bind upon earth, it shall be bound also in heaven: and whatsoever thou shalt loose on earth, it shall be loosed also in heaven."

 

SAINT MATTHEW 28:18-20

"And Jesus coming, spoke to them, saying: All power is given to me in heaven and in earth. Going therefore, teach ye all nations: baptizing them in the name of the Father and of the Son and of the Holy Ghost. Teaching them to observe all things whatsoever I have commanded you. And behold I am with you all days, even to the consummation of the world."

SOME POINT OF INTEREST

bullet

The doctrines of Faith and Morals in the Catholic Church have been the same for 2,000 years. they are usually recorded only when they are challenged. The Roman Catholic Church has proven herself to be the Church of Jesus Christ, as illustrated. Other religions and cults have the burden of proving: 1) They are adhering to the teaching on faith and morals of Jesus Christ 2) They are united as prayed for by our Savior and 3) they were not founded historically by men.

bullet

The term "Catholic," meaning universal, this word was used by St. Ignatius, Bishop of Antioch, in the year 107 AD, even before Christianity was declared legal in the year 313 Ad by the emperor Constantine.

bullet

The first 32 popes of the Catholic Church were martyred for the One True Faith.

Do you belong to Christ's Church? God Our Father calls everyone to the Truth. Everyone is called to be in the Holy Roman Catholic Church founded by His Beloved Son, Jesus Christ. Conceived by the Holy Spirit, born of the Blessed Virgin Mary.

Salvation Outside the Church?

The Popes through the centuries have defended the doctrine "outside the Church there is no salvation."

Pope Pelagius II (A.D. 578 - 590): "Consider the fact that whoever has not been in the peace and unity of the Church cannot have the Lord. ...Although given over to flames and fires, they burn, or, thrown to wild beasts, they lay down their lives, there will not be (for them) that crown of faith but the punishment of faithlessness. ...Such a one can be slain, he cannot be crowned. ...[If] slain outside the Church, he cannot attain the rewards of the Church." (Denzinger 246-247)

Pope Saint Gregory the Great (A.D. 590 - 604): "Now the holy Church universal proclaims that God cannot be truly worshipped saving within herself, asserting that all they that are without her shall never be saved." (Moralia)

Pope Innocent III (A.D. 1198 - 1216): "With our hearts we believe and with our lips we confess but one Church, not that of the heretics, but the Holy Roman Catholic and Apostolic Church, outside which we believe that no one is saved." (Denzinger 423)

Pope Leo XII (A.D. 1823 - 1829): "We profess that there is no salvation outside the Church. ...For the Church is the pillar and ground of the truth. With reference to those words Augustine says: `If any man be outside the Church he will be excluded from the number of sons, and will not have God for Father since he has not the Church for mother.'" (Encyclical, Ubi Primum)

Pope Gregory XVI (A.D. 1831 - 1846): "It is not possible to worship God truly except in Her; all who are outside Her will not be saved." (Encyclical, Summo Jugiter)

Pope Pius IX (A.D. 1846 - 1878): "It must be held by faith that outside the Apostolic Roman Church, no one can be saved; that this is the only ark of salvation; that he who shall not have entered therein will perish in the flood." (Denzinger 1647)

Pope Leo XIII (A.D. 1878 - 1903): "This is our last lesson to you; receive it, engrave it in your minds, all of you: by God's commandment salvation is to be found nowhere but in the Church." (Encyclical, Annum Ingressi Sumus)

"He scatters and gathers not who gathers not with the Church and with Jesus Christ, and all who fight not jointly with Him and with the Church are in very truth contending against God." (Encyclical, Sapientiae Christianae)

Pope Saint Pius X (A.D. 1903 - 1914): "It is our duty to recall to everyone great and small, as the Holy Pontiff Gregory did in ages past, the absolute necessity which is ours, to have recourse to this Church to effect our eternal salvation." (Encyclical, Jucunda Sane)

Pope Benedict XV (A.D. 1914 - 1922): "Such is the nature of the Catholic faith that it does not admit of more or less, but must be held as a whole, or as a whole rejected: This is the Catholic faith, which unless a man believe faithfully and firmly, he cannot be saved." (Encyclical, Ad Beatissimi Apostolorum)

Pope Pius XI (A.D. 1922 - 1939): "The Catholic Church alone is keeping the true worship. This is the font of truth, this is the house of faith, this is the temple of God; if any man enter not here, or if any man go forth from it, he is a stranger to the hope of life and salvation. ...Furthermore, in this one Church of Christ, no man can be or remain who does not accept, recognize and obey the authority and supremacy of Peter and his legitimate successors." (Encyclical, Mortalium Animos)

Pope Pius XII (A.D. 1939 - 1958): "By divine mandate the interpreter and guardian of the Scriptures, and the depository of Sacred Tradition living within her, the Church alone is the entrance to salvation: She alone, by herself, and under the protection and guidance of the Holy Spirit, is the source of truth." (Allocution to the Gregorian, October 17, 1953)

Then, as though to set this constant teaching of the Fathers, Doctors and Popes "in concrete," so to speak, we have the following definitions from the Solemn Magisterium of the Church:

Pope Innocent III and Lateran Council IV (A.D. 1215): "One indeed is the universal Church of the faithful outside which no one at all is saved..."

Pope Boniface VIII in his Papal Bull Unam Sanctam (A.D. 1302): "We declare, say, define, and pronounce that it is absolutely necessary for the salvation of every human creature to be subject to the Roman Pontiff."

Pope Eugene IV and the Council of Florence (A.D. 1438 - 1445): "[The most Holy Roman Church] firmly believes, professes, and proclaims that those not living within the Catholic Church, not only pagans, but also Jews and heretics and schismatics cannot become participants in eternal life, but will depart `into everlasting fire which was prepared for the devil and his angels' (Matt. 25:41), unless before the end of life the same have been added to the flock; and that the unity of the ecclesiastical body is so strong that only to those remaining in it are the sacraments of the Church of benefit for salvation, and do fastings, almsgiving, and other functions of piety and exercises of Christian service produce eternal reward, and that no one, whatever almsgiving he has practiced, even if he has shed blood for the name of Christ, can be saved, unless he has remained in the bosom and unity of the Catholic Church."

The following quotations are presented in chronological order so that the continuity of the Church's understanding of the dogma may be clearly shown.

Saint Irenaeus (died A.D. 202): "[The Church] is the entrance to life; all others are thieves and robbers. On this account we are bound to avoid them... We hear it declared of the unbelieving and the blinded of this world that they shall not inherit the world of life which is to come... Resist them in defense of the only true and life giving faith, which the Church has received from the Apostles and imparted to her sons." (Against Heresies, Book III)

Origen (died A.D. 254): "Let no man deceive himself. Outside this house, that is, outside the Church no one is saved." (In Iesu Nave homiliae)

Saint Cyprian (died A.D. 258): "He who has turned his back on the Church of Christ shall not come to the rewards of Christ; he is an alien, a worldling, an enemy. You cannot have God for your Father if you have not the Church for your mother. Our Lord warns us when He says: `he that is not with Me is against Me, and he that gathereth not with Me scattereth.' Whosoever breaks the peace and harmony of Christ acts against Christ; whoever gathers elsewhere than in the Church scatters the Church of Christ." (Unity of the Catholic Church)

"He who does not hold this unity, does not hold the law of God, does not hold the faith of the Father and the Son, does not hold life and salvation." (Patrologiae Cursus Completus: Latina, Father Migne)

Bishop Firmilean (died A.D. 269): "What is the greatness of his error, and what the depth of his blindness, who says that remission of sins can be granted in the synagogues of heretics, and does not abide on the foundation of the one Church." (Anti-Nicene Fathers)

Lactantius (died A.D. 310): "It is the Catholic Church alone which retains true worship. This is the fountain of truth, this is the abode of the Faith, this is the temple of God; into which if anyone shall not enter, or from which if anyone shall go out, he is a stranger to the hope of life and eternal salvation." (The Divine Institutes)

Saint Cyril of Jerusalem (died A.D. 386): "Abhor all heretics...heed not their fair speaking or their mock humility; for they are serpents, a `brood of vipers.' Remember that, when Judas said `Hail Rabbi,' the salutation was an act of betrayal. Do not be deceived by the kiss but beware of the venom. Abhor such men, therefore, and shun the blasphemers of the Holy Spirit, for whom there is no pardon. For what fellowship have you with men without hope. Let us confidently say to God regarding all heretics, `Did I not hate, O Lord, those who hated Thee, and did I not pine away because of Your enemies?' For there is an enmity that is laudable, as it is written, `I will put enmity between you and the woman, between your seed and her seed.' Friendship with the serpent produces enmity with God, and death. Let us shun those from whom God turns away." (The Fathers of the Church)

Saint Ambrose (died A.D. 397): "Where Peter is therefore, there is the Church. Where the Church is there is not death but life eternal. ...Although many call themselves Christians, they usurp the name and do not have the reward." (The Fathers of the Church)

Bishop Niceta of Remesiana (died A.D. 415): "He is the Way along which we journey to our salvation; the Truth, because He rejects what is false; the Life, because He destroys death. ...All who from the beginning of the world were, or are, or will be justified - whether Patriarchs, like Abraham, Isaac and Jacob, or Prophets, whether Apostles or martyrs, or any others - make up one Church, because they are made holy by one faith and way of life, stamped with one Spirit, made into one Body whose Head, as we are told, is Christ. I go further. The angels and virtues and powers in heaven are co-members in this one Church, for, as the Apostle teaches us, in Christ `all things whether on the earth or in the heavens have been reconciled.' You must believe, therefore, that in this one Church you are gathered into the Communion of Saints. You must know that this is the one Catholic Church established throughout the world, and with it you must remain in unshaken communion. There are, indeed, other so called `churches' with which you can have no communion. ...These `churches' cease to be holy, because they were deceived by the doctrines of the devil to believe and behave differently from what Christ commanded and from the tradition of the Apostles." (The Fathers of the Church)

Saint Jerome (died A.D. 420): "As I follow no leader save Christ, so I communicate with none but your blessedness, that is, with the Chair of Peter. For this, I know, is the rock on which the Church is built. ...This is the ark of Noah, and he who is not found in it shall perish when the flood prevails. ...And as for heretics, I have never spared them; on the contrary, I have seen to it in every possible way that the Church's enemies are also my enemies." (Manual of Patrology and History of Theology)

Saint Augustine (died A.D. 430): "No man can find salvation except in the Catholic Church. Outside the Catholic Church one can have everything except salvation. One can have honor, one can have the sacraments, one can sing alleluia, one can answer amen, one can have faith in the name of the Father and of the Son and of the Holy Ghost, and preach it too, but never can one find salvation except in the Catholic Church." (Sermo ad Caesariensis Ecclesia plebem)

Saint Fulgentius (died A.D. 533): "Most firmly hold and never doubt that not only pagans, but also all Jews, all heretics, and all schismatics who finish this life outside of the Catholic Church, will go into the eternal fire prepared for the devil and his angels." (Enchiridion Patristicum)

Venerable Bede (died A.D. 735): "Just as all within the ark were saved and all outside of it were carried away when the flood came, so when all who are pre-ordained to eternal life have entered the Church, the end of the world will come and all will perish who are found outside." (Hexaemeron)

Saint Thomas Aquinas (died A.D. 1274): "There is no entering into salvation outside the Church, just as in the time of the deluge there was none outside the ark, which denotes the Church." (Summa Theologiae)

Saint Peter Canisius (died A.D. 1597): "Outside of this communion - as outside of the ark of Noah - there is absolutely no salvation for mortals: not for Jews or pagans who never received the faith of the Church, nor for heretics who, having received it, corrupted it; neither for the excommunicated or those who for any other serious cause deserve to be put away and separated from the body of the Church like pernicious members...for the rule of Cyprian and Augustine is certain: he will not have God for his Father who would not have the Church for his mother." (Catechismi Latini et Germanici)

Saint Robert Bellarmine (died A.D. 1621): "Outside the Church there is no salvation...therefore in the symbol [Apostles Creed] we join together the Church with the remission of sins: `I believe in the Holy Catholic Church, the communion of Saints, the forgiveness of sins'...For this reason the Church is compared with the ark of Noah, because just as during the deluge, everyone perished who was not in the ark, so now those perish who are not in the Church." (De Sacramento Baptismi)

Baptism of Desire and of Blood
    MATER DEI SEMINARY newsletter "Adsum" (January, 2004)

From the teachings of the Popes, the Council of Trent,
the 1917 Code of Canon Law, the Roman Martyrology,
Church Fathers, Doctors and Theologians of the Church

1. Council of Trent 1545-1563

Canons on the Sacraments in General: - (Canon 4):
   "If anyone shall say that the sacraments of the New Law are not necessary for salvation, but are superfluous, and that although all are not necessary for every individual, without them or without the desire of them (sine eis aut eorum voto), through faith alone men obtain from God the grace of justification; let him be anathema."

Decree on Justification - (Session 6, Chapter 4):
   "In these words a description of the justification of a sinner is given as being a translation from that state in which man is born a child of the first Adam to the state of grace and of the 'adoption of the Sons' (Rom. 8:15) of God through the second Adam, Jesus Christ, our Savior and this translation after the promulgation of the Gospel cannot be effected except through the laver of regeneration or a desire for it, (sine lavacro regenerationis aut eius voto) as it is written: "Unless a man be born again of water and the Holy Spirit, he cannot enter in the kingdom of God" (John 3:5).

2. St. Alphonsus Liguori 1691-1787

Moral Theology - (Bk. 6):
   "But baptism of desire is perfect conversion to God by contrition or love of God above all things accompanied by an explicit or implicit desire for true Baptism of water, the place of which it takes as to the remission of guilt, but not as to the impression of the [baptismal] character or as to the removal of all debt of punishment. It is called 'of wind' ['flaminis'] because it takes place by the impulse of the Holy Ghost Who is called a wind ['flamen']. Now it is de fide that men are also saved by Baptism of desire, by virtue of the Canon 'Apostolicam De Presbytero Non Baptizato' and the Council of Trent, Session 6, Chapter 4, where it is said that no one can be saved 'without the laver of regeneration or the desire for it.'"

3. 1917 Code of Canon Law

On Ecclesiastical Burial - (Canon 1239. 2)
   "Catechumens who, through no fault of their own, die without Baptism, are to be treated as baptized."

The Sacred Canons by Rev. John A. Abbo. St.T.L., J.C.D., and Rev. Jerome D. Hannan, A.M., LL.B., S.T.D., J.C.D.
Commentary on the Code:
   "The reason for this rule is that they are justly supposed to have met death united to Christ through Baptism of Desire."

4. Pope Innocent III

Apostolicam:
   To your inquiry we respond thus: We assert without hesitation (on the authority of the holy Fathers Augustine and Ambrose) that the priest whom you indicated (in your letter) had died without the water of baptism, because he persevered in the faith of Holy Mother the Church and in the confession of the name of Christ, was freed from original sin and attained the joy of the heavenly fatherland. Read (brother) in the eighth book of Augustine's City of God where among other things it is written, "Baptism is ministered invisibly to one whom not contempt of religion but death excludes." Read again the book also of the blessed Ambrose concerning the death of Valentinian where he says the same thing. Therefore, to questions concerning the dead, you should hold the opinions of the learned Fathers, and in your church you should join in prayers and you should have sacrifices offered to God for the priest mentioned. (Denzinger 388)

Debitum pastoralis officii, August 28, 1206:
   You have, to be sure, intimated that a certain Jew, when at the point of death, since he lived only among Jews, immersed himself in water while saying: "I baptize myself in the name of the Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy Spirit. Amen."
   We respond that, since there should be a distinction between the one baptizing and the one baptized, as is clearly gathered from the words of the Lord, when He says to the Apostles: "Go baptize all nations in the name etc." (cf. Matt. 28:19), the Jew mentioned must be baptized again by another, that it may be shown that he who is baptized is one person, and he who baptizes another... If, however, such a one had died immediately, he would have rushed off to his heavenly home without delay because of the faith of the sacrament, although not because of the sacrament of faith. (Denzinger 413)

5. Pope St. Pius V 1566-1572

Ex omnibus afflictionibus, October 1, 1567:
  Condemned the following erroneous propositions of Michael du Bay:
 

bulletPerfect and sincere charity, which is from a "pure heart and good conscience and a faith not feigned" (1 Tim. 1:5) can be in catechumens as well as in penitents without the remission of sins.
 
bulletThat charity which is the fullness of the law is not always connected with the remission of sins.
 
bulletA catechumen lives justly and rightly and holily, and observes the commandments of God, and fulfills the law through charity, which is only received in the laver of Baptism, before the remission of sins has been obtained.

 

6. St. Ambrose

   "I hear you express grief because he [Valentinian] did not receive the Sacrament of Baptism. Tell me, what else is there in us except the will and petition? But he had long desired to be initiated... and expressed his intention to be baptized... Surely, he received [it] because he asked [for it]."

7. St. Augustine

City of God
   "I do not hesitate to place the Catholic catechumen, who is burning with the love of God, before the baptized heretic... The centurion Cornelius, before Baptism, was better than Simon [Magus], who had been baptized. For Cornelius, even before Baptism, was filled with the Holy Ghost, while Simon, after Baptism, was puffed up with an unclean spirit" (De Bapt. C. Donat., IV 21).
   "Baptism is administered invisibly to one whom not contempt of religion but death excludes." (Denzinger 388)

8. St. Thomas Aquinas

Summa, Article 1, Part III, Q. 68:
   "I answer that, the sacrament of Baptism may be wanting to someone in two ways. First, both in reality and in desire; as is the case with those who neither are baptized, nor wished to be baptized: which clearly indicates contempt of the sacrament, in regard to those who have the use of the free will. Consequently those to whom Baptism is wanting thus, cannot obtain salvation: since neither sacramentally nor mentally are they incorporated in Christ, through Whom alone can salvation be obtained.
   "Secondly, the sacrament of Baptism may be wanting to anyone in reality but not in desire: for instance, when a man wishes to be baptized, but by some ill-chance he is forestalled by death before receiving Baptism. And such a man can obtain salvation without being actually baptized, on account of his desire for Baptism, which desire is the outcome of faith that worketh by charity, whereby God, Whose power is not yet tied to visible sacraments, sanctifies man inwardly. Hence Ambrose says of Valentinian, who died while yet a catechumen: 'I lost him whom I was to regenerate: but he did not lose the graces he prayed for.' "

9. St. Robert Bellarmine, Doctor of the Church 1542-1621

Liber II, Caput XXX:
   "Boni Catehecumeni sunt de Ecclesia, interna unione tantum, non autem externa" (Good catechumens are of the Church, by internal union only, not however, by external union).

References continue in the Winter, 2004,
issue of "The Reign of Mary" magazine.

10. Pope Pius IX 1846-1878

Singulari Quadam, 1854:
   174. "It must, of course, be held as a matter of faith that outside the apostolic Roman Church no one can be saved, that the Church is the only ark of salvation, and that whoever does not enter it will perish in the flood. On the other hand, it must likewise be held as certain that those who are affected by ignorance of the true religion, if it is invincible ignorance, are not subject to any guilt in this matter before the eyes of the Lord. Now, then, who could presume in himself an ability to set the boundaries of such ignorance, taking into consideration the natural differences of peoples, lands, native talents, and so many other factors? Only when we have been released from the bonds of this body and see God just as He is (see John 3:2) shall we really understand how close and beautiful a bond joins Divine mercy with Divine justice."

Quanto Conficiamur Moerore, 1863:
   "...We all know that those who are afflicted with invincible ignorance with regard to our holy religion, if they carefully keep the precepts of the natural law that have been written by God in the hearts of men, if they are prepared to obey God, and if they lead a virtuous and dutiful life, can attain eternal life by the power of divine light and grace."

11. Pope Pius XII 1939-1958

Mystical Body of Christ, June 29, 1943:
   "As you know, Venerable Brethren, from the very beginning of Our Pontificate We have committed to the protection and guidance of heaven those who do not belong to the visible organization of the Catholic Church, solemnly declaring that after the example of the Good Shepherd We desire nothing more ardently than that they may have life and have it more abundantly... For even though unsuspectingly they are related to the Mystical Body of the Redeemer in desire and resolution, they still remain deprived of so many precious gifts and helps from heaven, which one can only enjoy in the Catholic Church."

12. Fr. A. Tanquery

Dogmatic Brevior, ART.IV, Section I,II - 1945 (1024-1)
   The Baptism of Desire. Contrition, or perfect charity, with at least an implicit desire for Baptism, supplies in adults the place of the baptism of water as respects the forgiveness of sins.
   This is certain.
   Explanation: a) An implicit desire for Baptism, that is, one that is included in a general purpose of keeping all the commandments of God is, as all agree, sufficient in one who is invincibly ignorant of the law of Baptism; likewise, according to the more common opinion, in one who knows the necessity of Baptism.
   b) Perfect charity, with a desire for Baptism, forgives original sin and actual sins, and therefore infuses sanctifying grace; but it does not imprint the Baptismal character and does not of itself remit the whole temporal punishment due for sin; whence, when the opportunity offers, the obligation remains on one who was sanctified in this manner of receiving the Baptism of water.

13. Fr. Dominic Prummer, O.P.

Moral Theology, 1949:
· "Baptism of Desire which is a perfect act of charity that includes at least implicitly the desire of Baptism by water";
· "Baptism of Blood which signifies martyrdom endured for Christ prior to the reception of Baptism by water";
· "Regarding the effects of Baptism of Blood and Baptism of Desire... both cause sanctifying grace. ...Baptism of Blood usually remits all venial and temporal punishment..."

Additional references from a Mater Dei Seminary
pamphlet entitled "Baptism of Desire and of Blood".

14. Fr. Francis O'Connell

Outlines of Moral Theology - 1953:
   - "Baptism of Desire ... is an act of divine charity or perfect contrition..."
   - "These means (i.e. Baptism of Blood & Desire) presuppose in the recipient at least the implicit will to receive the sacrament."
   "...Even if an infant can gain the benefit of the Baptism of Blood if he is put to death by a person actuated by hatred for the Christian faith..."

15. Mgr. J. H. Hervé

Manuale Theologiae Dogmaticae (Vol. III: chap. IV) - 1931
   II. On those for whom Baptism of water can be supplied:
   "The various baptisms: from the Council of Trent itself and from the things stated, it stands firm that Baptism is necessary, yet in fact or in desire; therefore in an extraordinary case it can be supplied. Further, according to the Catholic doctrine, there are two things by which the sacrament of Baptism can be supplied, namely an act of perfect charity with the desire of Baptism and the death as martyr. Since these two are a compensation for Baptism of water, they themselves are called Baptism, too, in order that they may be comprehended with it under one as it were generic name; so the act of love with desire for Baptism is called Baptismus flaminis (Baptism of the Spirit) and the martyrium (Baptism of Blood)."

16. Fr. H. Noldin, S.J. - Fr. A. Schmit, S.J.

Summa theologiae moralis (Vol. III de Sacramentis); Bk 2 Quaestio prima - 1929:
   "Baptism of spirit (flaminis) is perfect charity or contrition, in which the desire in fact to receive the sacrament of Baptism is included; perfect charity and perfect contrition however have the power to confer sanctifying grace."

17. Fr. Arthur Vermeersch, S.J.

Theologiae moralis (Vol. III, Tractatus II) - 1948:
   "The Baptism of spirit (flaminis) is an act of perfect charity or contrition, in so far as it contains at least a tacit desire of the Sacrament. Therefore it can be had only in adults. It does not imprint a character; ...but it takes away all mortal sin together with the sentence of eternal penalty, according to: 'He who loves me, is loved by my Father.' (John 14:21)"

18. Fr. Ludovico Billot, S.J.

De Ecclesiae Sacramentis (Vol. I); Quaestio LXVI; Thesis XXIV - 1931:
   "Baptism of spirit (flaminis), which is also called of repentance or of desire is nothing else than an act of charity or perfect contrition includeing a desire of the Sacrament, according to what has been said above, namely that, the heart of everyone is moved by the Holy Ghost to believe, and to love God, and to be sorry for his sins."

19. Fr. Eduardus Genicot, S.J.

Theologiae Moralis Institutiones (Vol II); Tractatus XII - 1902:
   "Baptism of the Spirit (flaminis) consists in an act of perfect charity or contrition, with which there is always an infusion of sanctifying grace connected...
   Both are called 'of desire' (in voto)...; perfect charity, because it has always connected the desire, at least the implicit one of receiving this sacrament, absolutely necessary for salvation."

20. Fr. Aloysia Sabetti, S.J. Fr. Timotheo Barrett, S.J.

Compendium Theologiae Moralis; Tractatus XII De Baptismo (Chap. 1) - 1926:
   "Baptism, the gate and foundation of the Sacraments in fact or at least in desire, is necessary for all unto salvation...
   From the Baptism of water, which is called of river (Baptismus fluminis), is from Baptism of the Spirit (Baptismus flaminis) and Baptism of Blood, by which Baptism properly speaking can be supplied, if this be impossible. The first one is a full conversion to God through perfect contrition or charity, in so far as it contains an either explicit or at least implicit will to receive Baptism of water ... Baptism of Spirit (flaminis) and Baptism of Blood are called Baptism of desire (in voto).

21. Roman Martyrology

   January 23: At Rome, St. Emerentiana, Virgin and Martyr, who was stoned by the heathen while still a catechumen, when she was praying at the tomb of St. Agnes, whose foster-sister she was.

   April 12: At Braga, in Portugal, St. Victor, Martyr, who, while still yet a catechumen, refused to worship an idol, and confessed Christ Jesus with great constancy, and so after many torments, he merited to be baptized in his own blood, his head being cut off.

   August 25: At Arles in France, another Blessed Genesius, who undertook the office copyist, when he refused to transcribe the impious edicts whereby the Christians were ordered to be punished and, casting away his registers, in public he proclaimed himself a Christian, was arrested and beheaded and received the glory of martyrdom, being baptized in his own blood.

22. You must believe those teachings of the universal ordinary magisterium held by theologians to belong to the faith (Pius IX).

 “For even if it were a matter concerning that subjection which is to be manifested by an act of divine faith, nevertheless, it would not have to be limited to those matters which have been defined by express decrees of the ecumenical Councils, or of the Roman Pontiffs and of this See, but would have to be extended also to those matters which are handed down as divinely revealed by the ordinary teaching power of the whole Church spread throughout the world, and therefore, by universal and common consent are held by Catholic theologians to belong to faith.” Tuas Libenter (1863), DZ 1683. (Doc C)

You must also subject yourself to the Holy See’s doctrinal decisions and to other forms of doctrine commonly held as theological truths and conclusions. (Pius IX).

“But, since it is a matter of that subjection by which in conscience all those Catholics are bound who work in the speculative sciences, in order that they may bring new advantage to the Church by their writings, on that account, then, the men of that same convention should realize that it is not sufficient for learned Catholics to accept and revere the aforesaid dogmas of the Church, but that it is also necessary to subject themselves to the decisions pertaining to doctrine which are issued by the Pontifical Congregations, and also to those forms of doctrine which are held by the common and constant consent of Catholics as theological truths and conclusions, so certain that opinions opposed to these same forms of doctrine, although they cannot be called heretical, nevertheless deserve some theological censure.” Tuas Libenter (1863), DZ 1684. (Doc C)

Syllabus of Errors

“22. The obligation by which Catholic teachers and writers are absolutely bound is restricted to those matters only which are proposed by the infallible judgment of the Church, to be believed by all as dogmas of the faith.” Condemned proposition. Encyclical Quanta Cura and Syllabus of Errors (1864), DZ 1699, 1722. (Doc E)

                        Pope Pius XII

“It is not to be thought that what is set down in Encyclical Letters does not demand assent in itself, because in these the popes do not exercise the supreme powers of their magisterium. For these matters are taught by the ordinary magisterium, regarding which the following is pertinent ‘He who heareth you, heareth me.’; and usually what is set forth and inculcated in Encyclical Letters, already pertains to Catholic doctrine.” Humani Generis (1950), DZ 2313.

(Doc F)

 

Why are we required to believe in the three fold Baptism?

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The Church has always held it to be of the faith.

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Every Catechism that the Church has approved teaches it.

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The unanimous teaching of the theologians supports it.

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1917 Code of Canon Law Supports it.  (Cn.736, & Cn.1239 #2)

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Original Canon Law by Pope Innocent III in 1206 teaches it. (Corpus Juris Canonici)

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Every Pope, bishop, and priest that the Church has educated by seminary, or has used Canon Law holds it.

 

Why are we required to believe more than just the extraordinary pronouncements?

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     Pope Pius IX Quanta Cura (Syllabus of Errors), “22. The obligation by which Catholic teachers and writers are absolutely bound is restricted to those matters only which are proposed by the infallible judgement of the Church, to be believed by all as dogmas of the faith.” Condemned proposition. Encyclical Quanta Cura and Syllabus of Errors (1864), DZ 1699, 1722.\

 

This is condemning the Feeneyite/Diamond Br. Idea that all that we are required to believe, and profess as Catholics has been pronounced in extraordinary statements.

 

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     Pope Pius XII Humani Generis “It is not to be thought that what is set down in Encyclical Letters does not demand assent in itself, because in these the popes do not exercise the supreme powers of their magisterium. For these matters are taught by the ordinary magisterium, regarding which the following is pertinent ‘He who heareth you, heareth me.’; and usually what is set forth and inculcated in Encyclical Letters, already pertains to Catholic doctrine.” Humani Generis (1950), DZ 2313.

 

This states that even when the pope writes an Encyclical that is not addressed as a universal teaching we are still required to submit to the teaching.  This is the pope using the Ordinary Magisterium.

 

Why do we have to believe what the theologians teach unanimously as being “of the Faith”?

 

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    Pope Pius IX Tuas Libenter · “For even if it were a matter concerning that subjection which is to be manifested by an act of divine faith, nevertheless, it would not have to be limited to those matters which have been defined by express decrees of the ecumenical Councils, or of the Roman Pontiffs and of this See, but would have to be extended also to those matters which are handed down as divinely revealed by the ordinary teaching power of the whole Church spread throughout the world, and therefore, by universal and common consent are held by Catholic theologians to belong to faith.” Tuas Libenter (1863), DZ 1683.

 

Saying, if theologians hold a certain teaching in common consent to be “of the Faith”.  The faithful are required to accept the teaching as if it came from the pope himself in the Ordinary Magisterium.

 

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     Pope Pius IX    “But, since it is a matter of that subjection by which in conscience all those Catholics are bound who work in the speculative sciences, in order that they may bring new advantage to the Church by their writings, on that account, then, the men of that same convention should realize that it is not sufficient for learned Catholics to accept and revere the aforesaid dogmas of the Church, but that it is also necessary to subject themselves to the decisions pertaining to doctrine which are issued by the Pontifical Congregations, and also to those forms of doctrine which are held by the common and constant consent of Catholics as theological truths and conclusions, so certain that opinions opposed to these same forms of doctrine, although they cannot be called heretical, nevertheless deserve some theological censure.” Tuas Libenter (1863), DZ 1684. )

 

This states that we are required to adhere to Doctrinal decisions of Vatican Congregations (the Holy Office), forms of Doctrine held as “Theological truths and conclusions”.  This teaching is so certain that opposition to them merits some “theological censure” short of heresy.

Could the theologians have obscured or modernized the important truths of our faith?

q       Pope Pius VI condemns this idea.  “The proposition which asserts ‘that in these later times there has been spread a general obscuring of the more important truths pertaining to religion, which are the basis of faith and of the moral teachings of Jesus Christ,’ heretical.” Auctorem Fidei (1794) DZ 1501.

The Church would have silenced, censored, or condemned a theologian that was teaching anything against the faith.

The Church has always taught Baptism of Desire and Blood as far as the time of Saint Augustine and Saint Ambrose, as well it has been taught in the Catechisms throughout the centuries, for example the Douay Catechism (1649), the Baltimore Catechism (1891) and so on.