Abraham the Patriarch
Feats Day: October 9
Abraham the Patriarch
Abraham was born at
Ur, Chaldea and named Abram. Old Testament patriarch. Married to Sarah. Founder
of the Hebrew nation. Father of all believers in the true God. At God's command
he moved from his native Chaldea to Canaan. Nomadic shepherd. Reported to have
lived to age 175. He died c. 1700BC of natural causes.
Abraham lived in
not far from
He was a descendant of Shem and, with all his family, preserved true faith in
God. He was wealthy, having an abundance of cattle, silver, gold, and many
servants, but he had no children and grieved over this.
God chose the righteous Abraham to preserve the true faith, through his
offspring, for all mankind. In order to protect him and his offspring from the
pagan people related to him, because the pagans among his relatives could more
easily teach them idolatry, God appeared to Abraham and said, "Get thee out of
thy country, and from thy kindred, and from thy fatherís house, unto a land that
I will show thee: And I will make of thee a great nation, and I will bless thee,
and make thy name great...and in thee shall all families (peoples) of the earth
be blessed" (Gen 12:1-2). God promised Abraham that, in time, from his offspring
there should be born the Saviour of the world, promised to the first men, Who
should bless all peoples of the earth.
seventy-five years old at that time. He obeyed the Lord, took his wife Sarah,
all the possessions they had acquired, and all their servants, and moved into
the land which the Lord showed him. This land was called
and was very fertile. At that time the Canaanites lived there. They were one of
the most wicked of all peoples. The Canaanites were the offspring of
the son of Ham. Here the Lord appeared to Abraham anew and said: "For all the
land that thou seest, to thee will I give it, and to thy seed for ever" (Gen.
13:15). Abraham built an altar and offered God a sacrifice of thanksgiving.
After this, the
began to be called the Promised Land, since God promised to give it to Abraham
and his offspring. Now it is called
This land is on the eastern shore of the
flows down through its center.
When the flocks
of Abraham and
began to grow plentiful, there was no longer enough room for them to remain
together, and their shepherds began to argue with each other; then they decided
to separate on friendly terms.
Abraham said to
"Let there be no strife, I pray thee, between me and thee...for we are brethren.
Is not the whole land before thee? Separate thyself, I pray thee, from me...if
thou depart to the right hand, then I will go the left" (Gen. 13:8-10).
chose for himself the valley of the
and settled in
Abraham remained in the
and settled near
at the woods of Mamre. There, near the oak of Mamre, he set up his tent and
built an altar to the Lord. This oak of Mamre is still alive in
near the city of
A short while
had settled in
the neighboring King of Elam attacked
looted the city, took the people into captivity and seized their possessions.
Among the captives was
Abraham when he learned of this, immediately gathered his servants together (318
men), called his neighbors to help, overtook the enemy, attacked him, and seized
returned, he met solemnly with Melchizedek, who was a priest of the Most-high
God and King of
He offered bread and wine as a gift to Abraham and blessed him.
Nothing is known
concerning Melchizedek, his background, and his death. The name Melchizedek
means king of righteousness, and the word
means peace. Melchizedek was a prototype of Jesus Christ. Just as Melchizedek
was at the same time priest and king, so Jesus Christ is High Priest and King.
Just as neither the beginning nor the end of the life of Melchizedek is told,
he, as it were, lives forever. So also Christ is eternal God, King and High
Priest; we call Jesus Christ the High Priest forever according to the order of
Melchizedek. And just as our Lord Jesus Christ gave us, in the form of bread and
wine, His Body and Blood, that is, Holy Communion, so also Melchizedek,
foreshadowing the Saviour, offered Abraham bread and wine and, since he was
older, blessed Abraham. Abraham accepted the blessing of Melchizedek with
reverence and gave him the tenth part of his spoils.
Genesis, chaps. 12,14,15,16,17.
Prayer to Saint Abraham the
Abraham, your faith has conquered
all evil, offering food to the three angels; willing to offer your beloved son
Isaac to show your precious obedience for God Almighty. By this faith you have
shown how little we are, how corrupt and selfish we are towards God. Please pray
for us, for we are weak and sinful. Please carry us in your blanket containing
all the souls of believers thanks to your humble and gracious first reaction to